Everything You Need To Know About Glaucoma

Everything You Need To Know About Glaucoma
Posted on 02/06/2019
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Glaucoma is an eye disorder that damages the optic nerve. Because of this, the optic nerve cannot send images from the eye to the brain correctly. Currently, there is no cure for glaucoma, only treatment to slow the process or stop it. Glaucoma is primarily treated with eye drops, pills, laser surgery, microsurgery, or a combination of these treatments. At Brass Eye Center in Albany, Latham, and Clifton Park, it is our goal to detect glaucoma early, treat it effectively, and prevent the loss of vision.

Why Does Glaucoma Occur?

When clear liquid, also known as aqueous humor, flows in and out of the eye at an uneven rate due to fluid pressure within the inner eye, the optic nerve is damaged. Higher intraocular pressures lead to a higher risk of glaucoma. Higher pressures lead to a higher likelihood of developing glaucoma at a faster rate, but, some patients with elevated pressures will not develop glaucoma and some patients with normal pressures will develop glaucoma.

Common Symptoms & Diagnosis of Glaucoma

Glaucoma symptoms can range from minor discomfort to more serious pain and overall life disruption. The most common symptoms of glaucoma include the following:

  • Blurry vision
  • Headaches
  • Nausea & vomiting
  • Seeing rainbows or spotty light
  • Severe eye pain

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, please schedule a visit with Brass Eye Center. The easiest way to determine if you are suffering from glaucoma is through a regular eye exam. Your ophthalmologist will measure your intraocular pressure, test your vision, check the drainage angle of your eye, and evaluate any nerve damage. If your ophthalmologist suspects a glaucoma diagnosis, he or she may also perform special tests like a Humphrey visual field test or an Ocular Coherence Tomography.

Glaucoma Treatment

Depending on your particular case of glaucoma and your symptoms, your ophthalmologist may recommend a few different treatment options. At Brass Eye Center in Albany, Latham, and Clifton Park, we offer top of the line glaucoma treatment, specific to each individual patient. Our treatments include:

  • Eye Drops: Eye drops control the pressure of fluids in your eye by either reducing the formation of fluid or increasing its outflow.
  • Medication: Medication is normally in pill form and works to decrease the flow of fluid within the eye and actually slow down fluid production as well. Depending on the patient and the type of medication, these pills are usually taken two to four times per day.
  • Laser Surgery: Depending on your specific case of glaucoma, you may need more fluid flowing out of the eye or to unblock the existing fluid. Laser surgery can help with both! Laser surgery can increase the flow of fluid from the eye for patients with open-angle glaucoma and it can stop a fluid blockade for patients with angle-closure glaucoma.
  • Microsurgery: Microsurgery is the most invasive method of treatment, but often needed in the most severe cases and those who have congenital glaucoma, meaning they were born with it. The ophthalmologist will perform a surgery called a trabeculectomy, where they will create a new channel for the fluid to drain and therefore reducing eye pressure.

Call Brass Eye Center For Your Next Eye Appointment!

If you are suffering from any of the previously mentioned glaucoma symptoms, please call Brass Eye Center in Albany, Latham, and Clifton Park. Our ophthalmologists will promptly examine your eyes, determine if glaucoma is the cause of your discomfort, and recommend an individualized treatment. To schedule your appointment, contact one of our offices directly and our staff will happily assist you. We look forward to seeing you and helping you see more clearly!