Glaucoma

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glucoma.jpgBrass Eye Center is proud to offer some of the most comprehensive eye exams in and around the communities of Latham and Clifton Park, NY. We encourage you to visit us for a yearly checkup. Not only is it good to update your glasses or contact lens prescriptions, but one of the most important reasons for stopping by yearly is so we can check you for glaucoma.

What Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a category of eye disorders that is a leading cause of blindness. It damages the optic nerve which sends images from your eye to your brain. Glaucoma cannot be cured or reversed, though if it’s caught at an early enough stage, it can be stopped from causing you to lose your sight.
 
However, the problem is that the early stages of glaucoma are undetectable; experts estimate that approximately half of the people who have glaucoma don’t even realize that they’re affected by it. This is why it’s important to come to our office for yearly eye exams and allow us to examine you for glaucoma.

What Causes Glaucoma?

When clear liquid (aqueous humor) flows in and out of the eye at an uneven rate due to fluid pressure within the inner eye, the optic nerve is damaged. Higher intraocular pressures lead to a higher risk of glaucoma. Higher pressures lead to a higher likelihood of developing glaucoma at a faster rate, but, some patients with elevated pressures will not develop glaucoma and some patients with normal pressures will develop glaucoma.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

A few symptoms that a patient with glaucoma may have are:

  • Blurry vision
  • Headaches
  • Nausea & vomiting
  • Seeing rainbows or spotty light
  • Severe eye pain

 What Causes Glaucoma?

The biggest cause of glaucoma is high intraocular pressure, though not everyone suffering from high pressures will develop glaucoma. Some people may even develop glaucoma even though they have low or normal intraocular pressure. However, the number one risk factor in developing glaucoma is typically intraocular pressure.

Diagnosing Glaucoma

The best way to detect glaucoma is through regular eye exams. Your doctor will measure your intraocular pressure, test your vision, check the drainage angle of your eye, and also evaluate any nerve damage. Photographs of your optic nerves may be taken in order to view their appearance and check for damage. Special tests such as a Humphrey visual field test and Ocular Coherence Tomography may also be ordered.

Treating Glaucoma

While glaucoma can’t be cured or reversed, you can slow it down or even stop it. Unfortunately, this means that once vision is lost, it can’t be restored. This is why regular eye exams are critical so we can detect glaucoma at an early stage. If glaucoma is detected, we can use several different methods to halt the progression of the disease. These methods include:

  • Medication such as pressure lowering agents drops 
  • Incisional surgery
  • Shunts / Implants
  • Laser Procedures

Contact Your Capital District Ophthalmologist Today!

If you’re looking for glaucoma treatment in and around the Capital District or you’d just like to schedule an eye exam with us, we encourage you to give us a call at (518) 782-7827 or fill out our appointment request form. If you have any questions or concerns, please feel free to contact us online or by phone. We look forward to seeing you soon!